If you want to buy a Chinese classical furniture, you must first understand what your motives for buying are, why buy it? The concept of classical furniture currently includes two categories, one is the old-style furniture belonging to the collection category; the other is the antique of the practical category. Furniture. This determines the buyer's two purposes: to preserve the collection and to enjoy it.
The gradual popularization of classical furniture has also made a group of classical furniture brands with good reputation and strong capital stand out. These companies have good reputation due to their high reputation and good reputation. Whether they buy classical furniture or antique furniture.
When buying classical furniture, you have to ask at least two questions about yourself.
First, do you have enough money? Second, do you have old experience? Collections need to occupy funds for a long time, because the source of ancient furniture is to sell one piece, one piece only rises and does not fall, Ming and Qing ancient furniture is not only expensive, but also imitation, Qinggu furniture is also all the way, because raw materials are scarce, The acquisition of old furniture is also very difficult, and the value of classical furniture will be a small expenditure; the profoundness of the antique industry has brought difficulties to its industry norms, and the benefits and risks coexist, and sometimes it is inevitable for experts.
If you only appreciate the unique charm of classical furniture from an aesthetic point of view, then your choice is much simpler, because you no longer have to worry about inferring its exact age and history, as long as you value the appearance and reliable quality, It is strong enough to be durable.
The age and style of classical furniture
The age of classical furniture can basically be determined from materials. Ming-style furniture is mainly made of huanghuali wood, and other woods are rarely used. The huanghuali wood furniture, more tables, chairs, cabinets, no inlays and carvings, only very few carvings. Due to the lack of huanghuali wood in the late Ming and early Qing dynasties, it was made into rosewood. Rosewood furniture is very small, the wood is generally eight inches wide, the wood is good, the carving is less, and the inlay is not made. According to experts, there are more than a dozen kinds of rosewood wood. According to different materials, the price difference is relatively large. Now there are several thousand yuan in 1 cubic meter, and there are also more than ten thousand yuan. The most expensive one is Venus rosewood. Because of its large pinhole density, large specific gravity, and hard material, it has become a superior material. In ancient times, there were one or two Tan and two gold.
After the middle of the Qing Dynasty, wenge, rosewood, ironwood, rosewood, etc. were gradually used, while new furniture was mostly made of rosewood and mahogany. Rosewood furniture, large pieces, more engraving patterns, embedded jade and teeth, stone, wood, snail, cloisonne and so on. Rosewood furniture is also multi-carved, multi-inlaid, and many modern products. The shape and style of the furniture in the Ming and Qing dynasties are often varied. On the surface, it seems that the craftsman can do whatever he wants, but in reality, any style has a very strict standard, and it is by no means arbitrary.
In the middle of the Qing Dynasty, in order to cater to the taste of the rulers, it is inevitable to unconventional and design furniture that violates the law. The craftsmen of the Ming and Qing dynasties perfected the shape and structure in the furniture, and used decorative techniques to make their furniture more perfect. Ming designed the ring chair, four-headed official hat chair, rounded cabinet, large painting and so on. The Qing continued the style of Ming furniture and designed its own unique furniture. Among them, mahogany Fushou Ruyi Taishi chair, Xuanqin case, rosewood stool, nail-studded pier and other furniture. As long as you see its styling characteristics, you can tell the age.
Related reading: the engraving of classical furniture
In addition, you can also judge decorative techniques, from material selection, line feet, engraving, inlays, etc. Since ancient times, China has been very cherished for the beautiful texture of wood. Ming has made a lot of hardwood furniture, and it is making full use of its beautiful patterns. Everything is as natural as writing, and it is extraordinarily colorful and more beautiful than artificial carving. In many furniture treasures, the best materials can be seen in the most prominent parts of the furniture. For example: face board, door board, drawer face and back board, etc., use the beautiful material to achieve the decorative effect. Engraving is at the forefront of decorative techniques, as most patterns are made by carving.
The techniques can be divided into four types: embossing, openwork, embossing and openwork, and round carving.
The production of furniture in the Ming and Qing Dynasties is spread all over the country. The most representative ones are Suzhou, Beijing, Guangzhou, Huizhou and Yangzhou. Suzhou is especially important.
At that time, a considerable part of Beijing's hardwood homes were shipped from the South. Later, with the emperor's preference, they deliberately innovated the "Beijing-made" hardwood furniture. Since then, there have been two major schools in the north and the south. The early Qing furniture form is still Ming style, but some components or partial craftsmanship have appeared in the Qing Dynasty. The shape and decoration and the Ming style have significant changes, so it cannot be called Ming. formula.
Classical furniture uses lacquer and hot wax. It is suitable to use beeswax containing 95% wax, then wipe the wax to make the surface of the furniture bright and clean, and the corners are smooth. The carving process is exquisite, creative, and the stone has an abstract style, the lines are elegant, dry and full, not afraid of cracking. Modern imitation Ming and Qing furniture is replaced by paint. The interface has saw marks, mass production, new stone materials, complicated lines, easy to crack and deform, and nailed with glue. In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the ancient furniture was very heavy, exceeding the weight feeling that the individual could bear, while the new furniture was lighter, as long as it was moved.
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